Plant pests and diseases references

Candidate Organisms Differential Distribution (i.e. present on the mainland and not Torres Strait, present in PNG and not Torres Strait or limited distribution across Torres Strait islands (TSI) ) National Significance / Comments / References



Invasive molluscs, including Giant African snail (Lissachatina fulica), rosy wolfsnail (Euglandina rosea), Achatina achatina, Archachatina marginata, Limicolaria aurora, Pomacea canaliculata, Bulimulus spp. Meghimatium spp., Colosius spp, Cathaica fasciola, Acusta despecta, Acusta ravida & Succinea spp.

Present in south east Asia, including Indonesia’s half of the island of New Guinea and PNG. but absent from Australia including TSI.

Yes - on the interim national priority list of exotic environmental pests and diseases and the National priority plant pests 2016 as endorsed by Plant Health Committee at PHC49, 15-17 June

Also noting new plant pest list includes much broader list of invasive molluscs. "Invasive molluscs were assessed as a larger functional group, resulting in the inclusion of golden apple snail and other species included as targets along with the existing giant African snail."

Leaf miners (Liriomyza spp.)

VLM present in TS & NPA region but not the rest of mainland Australia.

Yes - on the National priority plant pests 2016 as endorsed by Plant Health Committee at PHC49, 15-17 June as one of the Liriomyza spp.
Australia has previously notified IPPC that Liriomyza sativae was Present: subject to official control in Torres Strait (AUS-65/2). Liriomyza sativae has now been detected on mainland Australia on Cape York Peninsula in Queensland’s Far Northern Biosecurity Zones (FNBZ), and is regulated under the Biosecurity Act 2014(Qld).

Black sigatoka (Pseudocercospora fijiensis)

Present on some TSI but absent from mainland.

Yes - on the National priority plant pests 2016 as endorsed by Plant Health Committee at PHC49, 15-17 June.
Also NAQS target

Fusarium wilt (Panama disease) Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Foc)

NPA & TS has no Foc, PNG has only one known strain (Race 1)

Target for:

Australian Department of Agriculture

Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries

Fruit flies (including Bactrocera dorsalis, Zeugodacus cucurbitae and Bactrocera trivialis)

Present on TSI - seasonal incursions under active management.

Yes - on the National priority plant pests 2016 as endorsed by Plant Health Committee at PHC49, 15-17 June as one of the as Exotic, economic fruit fly (both lure and non-lure responsive)

Banana lethal wilt phytoplasmas including banana wilt associated phytoplasma (BWAP).


Present in PNG and Indonesia

Phytoplasma in the novel taxon 'Candidatus Phytoplasma novoguineense' causing a wilt disease in cooking bananas. Vectored by insects. Records from Western Province PNG
NAQS target

Citrus canker (Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri)

Present in PNG, Indonesia and Timor. Eradication efforts in NT.

Yes - on the National priority plant pests 2016 as endorsed by Plant Health Committee at PHC49, 15-17 June

Sugar cane stem borers (Chilo, Sesamia and Scirpophaga spp.)

Present in PNG and detected on some TSI

NAQS target

Red Banded Mango Caterpillar (Deanolis sublimbalis)

Present across TS & NPA, but not in production areas further South

Plant health Australia

Business Queensland

Mango pulp weevil (Sternochetus frigidus)

Not currently present in Australia including TSI

NAQS target

Potato spindle tuber viroid (PTSTVd)

The disease is present in Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe and New Zealand.

Plant health Australia

Sugarcane smut (Sporisorium scitamineum)

Present on mainland Australia but absent from TSI

Semantic Scholar

Tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) & tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV)

Present on mainland Australia but absent from TSI

Queensland Department of Agriculture and Fisheries


Papaya infecting strain of papaya ringspot virus (PRSV-P)


Present on mainland Australia but absent from TSI. It was first found in South East Queensland in 1991. There are 2 papaya ringspot biosecurity zones, (PDF, 768KB) and movement restrictions are used to minimise the spread of the virus.

Business Queensland

Coconut rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros) - Guam biotype

This insect came to the Pacific Islands from India early last century and became widespread, though patchy as time passed. Absence patches include Australia and a lot of PNG.

Pestnet

BOGIA coconut syndrome (BCS)

Not currently present in Australia including TSI. The phyoplasma associated with Bogia coconut syndrome has only been found in the Madang Province, Papua New Guinea. The same phytoplasma occurs widely in banana; it has been recorded in the East Sepik, Madang, Morobe, and Western provinces

Pestnet


Taro diseases including leaf blight, caused by Phytophthora colocasiae, and alomae disease, caused by Colocasia bobone disease-associated virus (CBDaV)


Not currently present in Australia including TSI. Pacific islands, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands.

Pestnet - taro leaf blight

Pestnet - taro alomae bobone

ACIAR - Taro pest guide


Capsicum whitefly (Aleurothrixus trachoides)

Capsicum whitefly is present on Boigu. Not present on the mainland.

Pestnet - capsicum aleurotrachelus whitefly

Erythrina gall wasp (Quadrastichus erythrinae)

Present on Erub, Saibai, Ugar. Not present on the mainland.

Pestnet - erythrina gall wasp

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Linkedin Email this link
<span class="translation_missing" title="translation missing: en.projects.blog_posts.show.load_comment_text">Load Comment Text</span>